We conducted a web questionnaire in 2021 to clarify the status of health management and lifestyle habits of nursing students, with results showing that“interest in food was low and respondents skipped breakfast.” Based on these findings, we examined the correlation between a student’s awareness of healthy nutritional management and lifestyle habits. We believed that this examination would reveal student lifestyles indifferent to healthy nutritional management and produce a course of action for supporting eating habits essential to protecting the health of students. Results showed undesirable eating habits with respondents skipping breakfast and failing to ensure a nutritionally balanced dietary intake. In addition, respondents had not established regular exercise habits, maintained inappropriate sleep habits and lacked sufficient stress relief measures. We ascertained that support should be directed to raising health consciousness and interest in healthy eating habits among nursing students to encourage a positive attitude to nutritional management and promote the habit of eating breakfast. We were also able to develop a course of action for supporting healthier exercise, sleep and stress relief habits.
The purpose of this study is to review the previous literature on the resilience of nursing students and to identify the components and factors that influence this resilience. Using Ichushi-Web, a Japanese bibliographic database by the Japan Medical Abstracts Society, we analyzed 15 references on the components and influencing factors of resilience among nursing students. The five components of resilience were the [ability to receive support], [ability to solve problems independently], [ability to transform thoughts], [ability to find goals] and [ability to have the motivation to learn]. These components suggest that nursing students have the mental strength to solve problems independently, a motivation to learn, and the flexibility to transform their thoughts, receive support and identify goals. Among the influencing factors, nine were facilitating factors such as [self-esteem], [self-efficacy] and [emotional support], and five were inhibiting factors such as [depressive symptoms] and [mood change]. [Clinical practice experience] was a fluid factor that could be either a facilitating factor or an inhibiting factor depending on how the students perceived it.
Queen Elizabeth II was the longest-serving British monarch overseeing the seventy years of post-war transformation and change. This paper looks back her reign and deals with topics such as the British constitutional monarchy, the royal finance based on the Crown Estate and the two Duchies, as well as little-known episodes with the Japanese Imperial family over the Order of the Garter. The paper then goes on to its main topic, Elizabeth II and her relationship with Scotland. The large parts of the Scottish nation have been seeking their separation from the United Kingdom to become an independent nation state ever since the 1970s. This paper examines the nature and characteristics of Scottish nationalism and considers various factors that have facilitated their nationalist sentiments, such as the discovery and development of the North Sea Oil in the 1970s, the 1980s of the Thatcher Government, the establishment of the Scottish Government and Parliament in the 1990s, the independence referendum of 2014, and the Brexit of the 2020s. The paper concludes by putting the death of Elizabeth II at Balmoral in 2022 in the context of the issues of Scottish nationalism and future independence.
This study examined college students’ sense of adjustment in their student life from the perspective of their relationships with intimate others (father, mother, teacher and friend). People tend to form attachments with intimate others and are more likely to receive social support from them. Therefore, we measured the avoidance and anxiety dimensions of attachment styles among college students (n=120) and examined their association with students’ sense of school adjustment and social support received from intimate others. The results revealed that students with low avoidance and anxiety tendencies were better adjusted to school and enjoyed more social support from intimate others. Additionally, those who had a social place with intimate others were better adjusted to school and enjoyed more social support than those who did not. These findings suggest that students with strong avoidance and/or anxiety tendencies should develop social places to obtain social support from intimate others. Moreover, it was found that the function of ensuring a sense of authenticity perceived in social place was primarily associated with the anxiety dimension of attachment, while the function of ensuring self-usefulness was primarily associated with the avoidance dimension.
In accordance with the revision of the Educational Personnel License Law and its Enforcement Regulations, “subjects related to teaching methods in the area and Contents of childcare and education” were established in the teaching curriculum for kindergarten teachers from the 2019 school year.
Our university starts introducing new courses for students enrolling in the 2023 school year and they include “Children and health,” “Children and relationships,” “Children and the environment,” “Children and Languages” and “Children and Expression.” The purpose of this study is to take the opportunity of this revision to review and improve classes related to the previous areas.
As a clue to this, we conducted a questionnaire survey on the content of classes related to these areas among graduates of our university to determine the necessity from the standpoint of nursery school and kindergarten teachers. According to the results, the inexperienced teachers think various subjects especially technical ones are necessary and their needs differ depends on children’s age whom they are taking care of. In addition to this, we understand from free comments that they seek knowledge and skill regards to the nursery plan and nursery care. Based on these results, the teachers in charge of each class considered the issues.
Year by year, community outreach activities have become increasingly important in at universities. Collaborative efforts to utilize the characteristics and abundant resources of a region between industry, academia, and the government are being implemented across the country. Furthermore, there are some universities where students can earn credit by participating in community outreach and volunteer activities as part of their coursework. In our department, we worked on community outreach activities as part of a comprehensive practical class. Specifically, we collaborated with local companies and other schools in Tokushima Prefecture to hold a sustainable fashion show at the “Tokushima SDGs Symposium 2022” sponsored by the prefecture. The students participated in the show by remaking old clothes and wearing them. Through their participation in the event, （1） They became interested in remaking their clothes. （2） They learned how fun the remaking was. （3） It improved their creativity and technical skills. （4） They learned to cherish clothes more. Furthermore, we realized that community outreach activities are a great opportunity to take students outside of the university.